? PROGRAM Just One Day One Hadith ?

? Ustadz Deden Dimyati hafidzahullah
? Faidah Hadits 30 | menuntut Ilmu Wajib Atas Muslim
? – ? Ustadz Fathul Ulum. Lc
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? Faidah Hadits ke 30 ?

 الحمد لله رب العالمين و به نستعين على أمور الدنيا والدين، و الصلاة والسلام على نبينا محمد وعلى آله و صحبه أجمعين. وبعد

Rasulullah Shallallahu Alaihi Wasallam bersabda:

[arabic-font font_family=”Amiri” font_size=”36″ line_height=”65″ text_align=”center” span=”yes”]♦طَلَبُ الْعِلْمِ فَرِيضَةٌ على كل مُسْلِمٍ♦[/arabic-font].

“Menuntut ilmu itu wajib atas setiap muslim.”
(Hadits sahih, riwayat alBaihaqi dalam syu’abul iman)

Hadits ini adalah dalil bahwa belajar ilmu agama itu wajib bagi setiap muslim.

Disamping itu, Allah Ta’ala dan Rasul-Nya banyak sekali menyebutkan tentang keutamaan menuntut ilmu, yang seharusnya sebagai seorang muslim, menjadikan dalil-dalil tersebut sebagai penyemangat lalu berusaha mengisi waktu-waktunya dengan mempelajari kitabullah dan hadits-hadits Rasulullah Shallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. Sebab hal itu akan menjadi pedoman hidup seorang hamba yang mengharapkan hidayah dan kebahagiaan di dunia dan akhirat.

Rasulullah Shallallahu Alaihi Wasallam bersabda:

 إني قد تركت فيكم شيئين لن تضلوا بعدهما كتاب الله وسنتي

“Sesungguhnya aku telah tinggalkan untuk kalian dua pedoman yang kalian tidak akan tersesat setelahnya: kitabullah dan sunnahku”

(HR.Al-Hakim dalam Al-Mustadrak (1/172)

Berikut ini adalah bbrp dalil tentang keutamaan ilmu yang disebutkan didalam Al-qur’an dan As-Sunnah :

1) Ilmu adalah cahaya

Allah Ta’ala berfirman:
“Sesungguhnya telah datang kepadamu cahaya dari Allah, dan Kitab yang menerangkan . Dengan kitab itulah Allah menunjuki orang-orang yang mengikuti keridhaan-Nya ke jalan keselamatan, dan Allah mengeluarkan mereka dari gelap gulita kepada cahaya yang terang benderang dengan seizin-Nya, dan menunjuki mereka ke jalan yang lurus.”
(QS.Al-Maidah:15-16)

Kedua ayat ini menunjukkan tentang keutamaan ilmu, yang disifatkan sebagai cahaya yang membimbing siapa saja yang mengikuti keridhaan-Nya menuju jalan-jalan keselamatan, berupa jalan yang menyelamatkan seorang hamba dari penyimpangan dan kesesatan, dan mengantarkan seorang hamba menuju keselamatan dunia dan akhirat, mengeluarkan mereka dari kegelapan, kegelapan syirik, bid’ah, kemaksiatan dan kejahilan, menuju kepada cahaya tauhid, ilmu, hidayah, ketaatan dan seluruh kebaikan.

Oleh karenanya, jika seseorang lebih condong mengikuti hawa nafsunya, gemar melakukan kemaksiatan, yang menyebabkan hatinya menjadi gelap, maka ilmu akan sulit menempati hati yang gelap tersebut, sulit menghafal ayat- ayat Allah dan men-tadabburi-nya, sulit menghafal hadits-hadits Rasulullah Shallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, memahami dan mengaplikasikan dalam kehidupannya, sebab tidak akan mungkin berkumpul dalam satu hati antara kegelapan maksiat dengan cahaya ilmu. Diantara bait-bait syair yang masyhur dari Imam Syafi’i tatkala Beliau mengadukan tentang buruknya hafalan Beliau kepada Imam Waki’ bin Jarrah, Beliau mengatakan:

 شَكَوْتُ إِلَى وَكِيْعٍ سُوْءَ حِفْظِيْ فَأَرْشَدَنِي إِلَى تَرْكِ المَعَاصِي

 وَأَخْبَرَنِي بِأَنَّ العِلْمَ نُوْرٌ
وَنُوْرُ اللهِ لَا يُؤْتَى لِعَاصِي

Aku mengadukan kepada Waki’ keburukan hafalanku

Lalu Beliau membimbing aku untuk meninggalkan maksiat

Beliau mengabarkan kepadaku bahwa ilmu itu adalah cahaya

Dan cahaya Allah tidak diberikan kepada pelaku maksiat

2) Ilmu merupakan tanda kebaikan seorang hamba

Ketika seorang hamba diberi kemudahan untuk memahami dan mempelajari ilmu syar’i, itu menunjukkan bahwa Allah menghendaki kebaikan bagi hamba tersebut, dan membimbingnya menuju kepada hal-hal yang diridhai-Nya.

Kehidupannya menjadi berarti, masa depannya cemerlang, dan kenikmatan yang tak pernah dirasakan di dunia pun akan diraihnya. Rasulullah Shallallahu Alaihi Wasallam bersabda:

 من يُرِدْ الله بِهِ خَيْرًا يُفَقِّهْهُ في الدِّينِ

“Siapa yang Allah kehendaki kebaikan kepada seorang hamba maka Ia akan difahamkan tentang agamnya.”

(Muttafaq Alaihi dari Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan Radhiallahu anhuma)

 آخر دعوانا أن الحمد لله رب العالمين

✒ Ust Abu Fawwaz Deden Dimyati

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