Hadits ke-4
Kezaliman Adalah Kegelapan  

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Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda:

«اتَّقُوا الظُّلْمَ فَإِنﱠ الظُّلْمَ ظُلُمَاتٌ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ »

“Jagalah diri kalian dari perbuatan zalim, karna sesungguhnya kezaliman itu akan menjadi kegelapan pada hari kiamat”.

(Hadits Shahih, Riwayat Ahmad. Lihat Shahiihul jaami’ no.101).

  • Penjelasan

Hadist ini berisi peringatan dan bahaya perbuatan zalim sekaligus anjuran untuk berbuat adil (lawan dari zalim).

Definisi zalim adalah memposisikan sesuatu bukan pada tempatnya.

Dan perlu diketahui bahwa Islam tidak mengajarkan kezaliman. Akan tetapi Islam mengajarkan keadilan.

Sebagaimana firman Allah  :

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَيَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ ۚ يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

” Sesungguhnya Allah menyuruh (kamu) berlaku adil dan berbuat kebajikan, memberi kepada kaum kerabat, dan Allah melarang dari perbuatan keji, kemungkaran dan permusuhan. Dia memberi pengajaran kepadamu agar kamu dapat mengambil pelajaran.”(QS. An-Nahl :90)

Bahkan Allah menafikkan sifat zalim pada diriNya dan melarang hambaNya dari hal tersebut. Sebesar-besar zalim adalah perbuatan syirik. Sebagaimana firman Allah :

وَإِذْ قَالَ لُقْمَانُ لِابْنِهِ وَهُوَ يَعِظُهُ يَا بُنَيَّ لَا تُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ ۖ إِنَّ الشِّرْكَ لَظُلْمٌ عَظِيمٌ

“Dan (ingatlah) ketika Luqman berkata kepada anaknya, di waktu ia memberi pelajaran kepadanya: “Hai anakku, janganlah kamu mempersekutukan Allah, sesungguhnya mempersekutukan (Allah) adalah benar-benar kezaliman yang besar” (QS. Luqman : 13)

Dan sebesar-besar perbuatan adil adalah mentauhidkan Allah, baik dalam hal Rububiyah, Uluhiyah, maupun Asma wa Sifat.

Disini kita bisa simpulkan bahwa para nabi dan rasul yang diutus oleh Allah, mereka semua mengajarkan keadilan(yaitu tauhid) bukan kedzaliman (yaitu syirik.)

Dan termasuk larangan adalah berbuat zalim terhadap orang lain. Mungkin -di dunia- si pelaku bisa bebas bebuat zalim karena merasa memiliki kekuatan dan kemampuan.

Namun, di akhirat kelak, kekuasaan dan kekuatan secara mutlak hanya milik Allah semata. Dia-lah yang akan menegakkan keadilan dianatara hamba-hambaNya yang berbuat zalim. Yaitu dengan mengurangi pahala amalannya dan dipindah ke amalan pihak yang dizalimi sebagai balasan atas perbuatannya. Dan bila masih kurang, amalan buruk orang yang dizalimi akan berpindah padanya. Sungguh betapa gelap perasaannya disaat hal itu terjadi. Na’udzubillah min dzalik.

Dan termasuk larangan adalah perbuata zalim seorang hamba terhadap dirinya sendiri yaitu dengan mengerjakan ma’siat dan meninggalkan ketaatan. Dia lebih memilih kesenangan dunia yang sesaat ketimbang nikmat akhirat yang haqiqi nan abadi. Sungguh merugi orang seperti ini.

Dan termasuk larangan adalah perbuatan zhalim seorang hamba terhadap dirinya sendiri yaitu dengan mengerjakan maksiat dan meninggalkan ketaatan. Dia lebih memilih kesenangan dunia yang sesaat ketimbang nikmat akhirat yang hakiki nan abadi. Sungguh merugi orang seperti ini.

Ketahuilah bahwa orang yang berbuat zhalim sudah dihukum oleh Allah di dunia dengan kegelapan yang hakiki. Yaitu kegelapan hati yang membuat hati itu buta, dimana ia melihat perkara yang mungkar menjadi ma’ruf, yang ma’ruf menjadi mungkar, tidak menerima nasehat, tidak bisa mengambil manfaat dari petunjuk Allah & Rasul-Nya.

Oleh karenanya, waspadalah terhadap perbuatan zhalim sekecil apapun, baik yang terkait hak Allah, hak makhluk, atau bahkan terkait dengan diri sendiri. Jangan sampai kegelapan meliputi kehidupan kita.

Ditulis Oleh

Ustadz Ridwan Arifin, Lc

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